Muscular dystrophy (in short MD) is the disease in which the muscles become weak and weak and these muscles are used that move the human body. This type of disease included in a group of inherited muscle diseases. Muscular dystrophies are illustrated by progressive skeletal muscle weakness, deficiency in muscle proteins, and the death of muscle cells and tissue.
There are 9 diseases which are included in Muscular Dystrophy Syndrome that is follows as:-
But there are more than hundred of diseases which is alike to muscular dystrophy. Majority of the types of Muscular dystrophy are multi-system disorders with symptoms in body systems including the heart, gastrointestinal and nervous systems, endocrine glands, skin, eyes and even brain.
There are few symptoms of Muscular dystrophy :-
- 1. Poor balance
- 2. lack of ability to walk
- 3. Recurrent falls
- 4. Calf buckle
- 5. restricted array of movement
- 6. respiratory problems
Many of the professional doctors said that these circumstances are inherited, and the unlike muscular dystrophies follow various heritage model. Muscular dystrophy disease can be diagnosed and treated, but at the current moment there is no known cure. That means there is no way of curing 100% for Muscular dystrophy, even if major evolution is being made with antisense oligonucleotides. Immobility like bed rest and even sitting for long time can make something worse the disease.
There are few therapies which can help but not for sure they will affect on all the patients:-
1. Physical Therapy for Muscular Dystrophy ( Physiotherapy Treatments ),
2. Occupational therapy
3. Orthotic intervention (for example ankle-foot orthosis )
4. Speech therapy
5. Orthopedic instruments (for example wheelchairs and standing frames)
There is no definite cure for any of the types of muscular dystrophy. Physical therapy to avoid joint contractures and keep up muscle nature, orthoses are the orthopedic machines used for support and remedial orthopedic surgery may be needed to pick up the quality of life in some cases. The cardiac harms that happen with Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy and myotonic muscular dystrophy may have need of pacemaker.
The myotonia are the delayed relaxation of a muscle after a strong contraction and occurring in myotonic muscular dystrophy may be treated with drugs such as quinine, phenytoin, or mexiletine, but still these all are treatment with 50% or less efficiency still there is no treatment found yet for this common disease unfortunately. Occupational therapy helps the entity with muscular dystrophy in winning in his/her activities of daily living and spare time activities at the the majority free level possible. This may be attained with use of adaptive apparatus or the use of energy saving techniques.